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Giving evidence at a Coroner’s inquest – guidance for clinical witnesses

27 January 2021

This film seeks to recreate an inquest hearing where the family and witnesses are participating in the hearing remotely. The film explains the role of the Coroner and the purpose of an inquest and illustrates the procedure during a remote inquest hearing.

The film will last 57 minutes from start to finish - you can pause, rewind and skip forward at any point during the film.

The aim of this film is to help clinical witnesses to prepare for giving evidence remotely and to illustrate how best a witness can help the Coroner and the family during a remote inquest hearing. We hope this film will support all staff working in the NHS who are called to give evidence remotely at an inquest, so that they can give their evidence clearly, confidently and compassionately.

We are very grateful to Dr Robert Hunter, HM Senior Coroner for Derby and Derbyshire, for his role in the production of this film.

Thank you also to Kathryn Fearn, Associate Director of Legal Services, University Hospitals of Derby and Burton NHS Foundation Trust, who provided invaluable insights during filming and who plays Mrs Grimes in the film.

The clinical scenario is fictitious. The film does not recreate the remote inquest exactly as it would be in real life. In reality, this inquest would run for several days with many more witnesses and more lengthy questioning of each witness. The shortened version in the film is used simply to illustrate the key principles of giving evidence, which are highlighted throughout the film and include:

  • Be prepared. Familiarise yourself with your statement, the medical records, investigation report and any other relevant documents in advance of the inquest.
  • Ensure you are familiar with the recommendations and action plan set out in any internal investigation and that you can answer questions about changes to practice that have been implemented as a result of the death.
  • Understand the order in which questions are asked: Coroner, family and, finally, the health organisation’s appointed lawyer.
  • Be aware of when and how the family and other interested persons can ask questions.
  • Remember that the media (or any member of the public) are free to attend any inquest hearing.
  • It is a criminal offence to make any video or audio recording of court proceedings, or to transmit, reproduce or broadcast them in any form (including screenshots).
  • By joining via video link, your video room becomes an extension of the court room. You must treat the remote hearing as seriously and formally as you would if you were in court and follow all rules of court etiquette.
  • The room you give evidence in should be quiet, private and secure and all doors should be closed. Take steps to ensure that you will not be interrupted and display a clearly worded note on the door that states “DO NOT ENTER – INQUEST HEARING IN PROGRESS”.
  • When you are giving your evidence, have your witness statement and a copy of the medical records in front of you so you can refer to them. Know where the relevant pages of the clinical records are – use post-its or page numbers.
  • You can express condolences to the family, either at the start or at the end of your evidence
  • Give a full straightforward factual account, not speculating or guessing
  • Speak slowly, sharing the story of what happened logically from beginning to end in plain English
  • Explain medical terminology to assist the court and help those attending to understand
  • Giving the full, honest answer, however difficult this may feel.
  • If you do not remember something then say so. Do not guess.
  • Stay calm and be compassionate when answering questions from the family.
  • Speak slowly and allow your legal representative or the Coroner time to interrupt if an inappropriate question is put to you.
  • If you encounter a technical issue do not panic! Just let the Coroner or your legal representative know as soon as possible.
  • Mute the audio and switch off the video during all breaks.

For further guidance on giving evidence remotely read our checklist here. Please see also our Inquest Guide for Clinical Witnesses.

Witnesses may also find it useful to watch NHS Resolution’s films Giving evidence at inquest: a well prepared witness and How to prepare for an inquest, and also to read NHS Resolution’s leaflet entitled Inquests: Guide for Health Providers.

To view more mock inquest films and other resources to support maternity services visit our Maternity Hub.

Our speakers

Nicola evans

Nicola Evans

Partner

Nicola Evans is an experienced Solicitor-Advocate specialising in health law. Having qualified in private practice almost twenty years ago, Nicola represented public bodies and families at inquests for several years. Nicola then spent 12 years working in the NHS, supporting clinicians and the Trust through the inquest process in her role as Associate Director of Legal Services at University Hospitals of Derby and Burton NHS Foundation Trust. Nicola is now a partner at Browne Jacobson, representing a variety of NHS and public bodies at complex inquests across a number of jurisdictions and advising on complex health law queries.

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Simon Tait

Simon Tait

Partner

Simon Tait is a Partner and Head of Health Law at
Browne Jacobson LLP. He has over 25 years' experience representing clinicians and NHS Trusts at inquests. He also acts for medical defence organisations, defending clinical negligence claims, and advises on a wide range of health law issues for both NHS and private sector clients. He also sits as a part time Assistant Coroner in South-East Yorkshire.

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Ameila Newbold

Amelia Newbold

Risk Management Lead

Amelia leads on the clinical risk management work we do for NHS Resolution, NHS Trusts and our other health clients. She has many years’ experience as a solicitor resolving clinical negligence claims, acting on behalf of NHS Resolution and NHS Trusts and also has experience of representing claimants.

A key aspect of Amelia’s role is to support clients with organisational learning, undertaking thematic reviews of inquests and claims we have concluded for individual NHS Trusts to highlight and examine specific trends and identify learning to help improve patient safety and also, hopefully, reduce litigation.

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Ben Bentley

Ben Bentley

Barrister (Partner)

Ben graduated from Cambridge University in 2005 and was awarded the Middle Temple Astbury Scholarship to train as a Barrister. As a Manchester based Partner at the firm, Ben is now approved by the Bar Standards Board to act as a Pupil Supervisor in coaching and mentoring pupil barristers through to full qualification.

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Amandeep Kullar

Amandeep Kullar

Associate

Amandeep is an Associate in our advisory and inquest team, advising on a wide range of health law issues for health and social care organisations in the public and private sector and acting for a wide range of clients across a number of Coroners’ jurisdictions.

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The opinions expressed on this video are provided for the purposes of general interest and information and should not be relied upon. They contain only summaries of aspects of the subject matter at the time of publishing and do not provide comprehensive statements of the law. They do not constitute legal advice and do not provide a substitute for it. So why not talk to us and seek advice that's tailored to you? You can look up one of our experts on this website or call on 0370 270 6000.

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