0370 270 6000

already registered?

Please sign in with your existing account details.

need to register?

Register to access exclusive content, sign up to receive our updates and personalise your experience on brownejacobson.com.

Privacy statement - Terms and conditions

Forgotten your password?

Break notices for commercial tenants – beware of the common pitfalls

25 February 2021

Due to numerous recent issues affecting the property market (including the pandemic, Brexit and the huge increase in internet shopping), more and more break notices are being served by commercial tenants. At the same time, more and more tenants are seeking break rights in their new leases in order to provide them with flexibility when it comes to their real estate.

It is important to be aware of the potential pitfalls which await as a tenant when you serve break notices, as failure to comply with the lease conditions could lead to the break being invalid. This, in turn, could result in you having to stay at the premises (and, more importantly, be liable for the rent etc.) for the remainder of the contractual term. Here we discuss just a few of the most common conditions:

Common conditions requested by a landlord could include:

  • Service of written notice;
  • Payment of all rent due under the lease;
  • Giving up vacant possession of the property; and
  • Performance of all covenants in the lease.

Pitfalls to be aware of

Service of written notice: you must provide the requisite notice and strictly comply with the terms of the lease. Even if the terms seem non-sensical, such as a requirement for the notice to be served on blue paper or sent by carrier pigeon, they must be complied with. You must also be aware that the break cannot be withdrawn once it has been served.

Payment of rent: you should check the wording of the lease to ensure what sums you are required to pay. For example, is rent defined as just ‘base rent’ or does it include service charge, insurance or even interest on any late payments. You must also check the lease for the last relevant rent (or rents) payment date before the break date because if the break date falls mid-quarter (or mid-month), any apportioned rent could invalidate the break.

Vacant possession: despite being a commonly used term, the phrase ‘giving up vacant possession’ is not completely clear-cut. Generally speaking, it means that a landlord must be able to re-let the property unhindered but you will need to check the terms of your lease on a case-by-case basis to ensure all items are removed (or kept) to comply with this condition.

All covenants: if you have this break condition in your lease, it is practically impossible to comply with as even a trivial breach will invalidate the break. You should try at all costs to avoid any such clause in a new lease as it could end up with the tenant, ultimately, paying a lump sum to the landlord to waive this condition of the break.

Summary

When negotiating a lease, as a tenant you should always take legal advice and pay careful attention to the break clause conditions before agreeing them, ensuring that you’re aware of all of the potential risks associated with each condition and that they are commercially acceptable.

The above risks are just some of the issues you may face and so if you are a tenant requiring advice, please contact Bradley Roberts.

Focus on...

Legal updates

Japanese knotweed – a diminishing risk?

The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (‘RICS’) is in the process of updating its guidance to surveyors on their approach to Japanese knotweed when valuing a property.

View

Legal updates

Rittson-Thomas and others v Oxfordshire County Council [2021] UKSC 13

Land had originally been conveyed in 1914 and 1928 to Oxfordshire County Council (OCC) as a site for a school for children of the parish under the School Sites Act 1841 (SSA 1841). However, the Reverter of Sites Act 1987 substituted a trust mechanism for the reverter, so that if a site ceases to be used for the permitted purpose, the holder of the legal estate holds it on trust for those who would have been entitled to the reverter.

View

Legal updates

WH Smith Retail Holdings Ltd v Commerz Real Investmentgesellschaft mbh [Winchester County Court, 25 March 2021]

The first reported case to consider a pandemic rent suspension clause on a non-contested lease renewal. Find out more.

View

Legal updates

Bank of New York Mellon (International) Ltd v Cine-UK Ltd; AEW UK REIT Plc v Mecca Bingo Ltd; AEW UK REIT Plc v SportsDirect.com Retail Ltd [2021] EWHC 1013 (QB)

The second reported case where landlords obtained summary judgement to recover arrears of rent which had accrued since the start of the pandemic.

View

The content on this page is provided for the purposes of general interest and information. It contains only brief summaries of aspects of the subject matter and does not provide comprehensive statements of the law. It does not constitute legal advice and does not provide a substitute for it.

Mailing list sign up

Select which mailings you would like to receive from us.

Sign up