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Forced academisation and school intervention

We know that many schools and trusts feel vulnerable in the current climate of forced academisation and school interventions, and often receive mixed messages regarding their legal position. Our lawyers make the complex simple, offering clear and strategic advice which enables governors to secure the right path to improvement for their school.

Current education policy carries an expectation that formal intervention powers are used to tackle ‘schools causing concern’.

For maintained schools, there are well-established intervention measures available to local authorities, such as issuing a warning notice or imposing an interim executive board (IEB). In addition, the Secretary of State has a range of intervention powers and, in certain circumstances, can make an academy order without a governing body’s consent. This includes where a school is graded inadequate by Ofsted or is designated as a ‘school not making necessary improvements’ under the Coasting School regulations.

For academies, both legislation and the terms of the funding agreement grant powers exercisable by the Regional Directors to take intervention steps where academies are causing concern. This includes the discretionary power to intervene in academies not making necessary improvements. The ESFA also has rights to intervene in cases of financial mismanagement or weaknesses in governance.

Our expert education lawyers have an established track record of supporting governing bodies and trust boards with responding to the full range of intervention measures.

What we do...

  • Understanding when you are ‘eligible for intervention’.
  • Understanding your legal position if you are receiving external pressure to become an academy.
  • Advising on responding to a threat of re-brokerage of your academy.
  • Responding to Notices to Improve from the ESFA.
  • Responding to Termination Warning Notices from the Regional Director.
  • Challenging Ofsted reports.
  • Responding to a proposal to put in place an IEB.
  • Judicial review of school intervention decisions.
  • Advising on and challenging warning notices issued by the local authority or Regional Director.
Peter Knight Chief Operating Officer, Trinity MAT
“The education team at Browne Jacobson are one of best legal teams I have worked with in my career. It is not often you find a team that listens to their client, demystifies the law and enables you to take well informed decisions for the benefit of your organisation that stands the test of time.”

Featured experience

Challenging forced academisation

Following an Ofsted judgement of special measures, we supported a school to resist forced academisation. When they came to us for support, we prepared a robust and well-timed letter to the DfE to demonstrate how, in light of the improvement made by the school during this period, forced academisation would be irrational to the point of being unlawful. Subsequently, the school was re-inspected and judged to be ‘good’ by Ofsted, meaning it was no longer eligible for intervention and safe from forced academisation.

Yew Tree Primary School

Advising Yew Tree Primary School in a landmark judicial review case against the Secretary of State for Education, arguing that the Secretary of State’s decision not to revoke the school’s academy order was unlawful.

A single academy trust

Advising a single academy trust on a judicial review case against the Secretary of State for Education challenging decision-making relating to the proposed re-brokerage and the chosen ‘sponsor’. During the course of proceedings, the Secretary of State agreed to revoke the termination notice.

A primary school

Advising a primary school on responding to a warning notice issued by their local authority on the grounds that there had been a breakdown in governance at the school. We identified a number of ways in which the warning notice was flawed, and the local authority agreed to take no further action. As a result, the school did not become eligible for intervention and did not become vulnerable to further school intervention measures, such as the imposition of an IEB or an academy order.



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