0370 270 6000

already registered?

Please sign in with your existing account details.

need to register?

Register to access exclusive content, sign up to receive our updates and personalise your experience on brownejacobson.com.

Privacy statement - Terms and conditions

Munden v Bunten, Peterborough County Court, 21 January 2002

20 November 2002
The issues

Psychiatric damage – neck.

The facts

The Claimant, a female Meals on Wheels delivery driver aged 44 at the date of the accident and 48 at the date of Trial, suffered minor tissue injuries to the neck and significant psychological injury after a water skier collided with her jet ski, throwing her into the sea. Medical evidence showed that the Claimant had suffered a soft tissue sprain, from which she had fully recovered within a month. Her major injury was psychological, although the Claimant had substantial pre-existing psychological problems. The Claimant had thought that she would drown after being pulled under the water by the skier’s rope. She developed a fear of water and thought about the accident constantly. She suffered nightmares of being trapped under water. Her symptoms were particularly severe during the first 12 months, during which time her sexual activity was reduced. Her symptoms began to improve and she resumed swimming 2 years after the accident. Her symptoms did not impact on her ability to work.

Expert evidence supported a diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. At Trial however, the only psychological symptoms attributable to the accident were occasional nightmares, which were reducing in frequency.

The decision

The Judge found that the Claimant would make a full recovery in the near future and held that the appropriate award for general damages lay in the JSB bracket for most moderate Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Accordingly, he assessed general damages at £6,500.00.

focus on...

Legal updates

Contingent loss in negligence claims

Contingent loss is relevant to limitation; specifically, the date at which a claimant’s cause of action accrues for the purposes of a claim in the tort of negligence (as many claims against professional advisers are framed).


Legal updates

Legal and regulatory monthly update - September 2019

The latest update covering delegated authority, insurance product development, the senior insurance managers regime, data protection, operational control frameworks, Lloyds market, and horizon scanning.


Legal updates

Kuoni referred to the CJEU by Supreme Court for clarification - possible impact on breach of contract, vicarious liability and assumption of responsibility claims for sexual abuse and assault

We were hoping to be able to give you some interesting insights following the judgment of X v Kuoni Travel Ltd but that will have to wait for another day.


Legal updates

The disappearance of LIBOR

Companies should undertake a comprehensive review and audit to identify those products and legacy contracts that are LIBOR-linked and carry out an in-depth risk assessment of discontinuation. Where possible, companies should look at appointing an individual to oversee the programme.


The content on this page is provided for the purposes of general interest and information. It contains only brief summaries of aspects of the subject matter and does not provide comprehensive statements of the law. It does not constitute legal advice and does not provide a substitute for it.

mailing list sign up

Select which mailings you would like to receive from us.

Sign up